“Don’t think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to abolish but to fulfill.” Matthew 5:17 (CSB)
Lest his hearers think that his teachings are new or in contrast to the Law, Jesus proclaims both his approval for and commitment to keeping it. What follows is a series of six “you have heard… but I tell you…” statements. In them, Jesus dismantles the notion that external behavior is all the Law required. He demonstrates that underneath the external behaviors are internal heart attitudes that need to change. Jesus doesn’t alter the standard. He reveals what the standard is and what it looks like to live out that standard. In this way, he fulfills the Law down to the smallest letter.
No one can argue that our world would be a better place if people lived according to Jesus’ teaching. In fact, nearly all of the problems we face can be traced to the issues he addresses. A world without anger, lust, divorce, dishonesty, retaliation, and hatred would be a spectacular place to live. For Jesus’ disciples, that world will one day become a reality. In the meantime, we are invited to experience a foretaste of this by the way we live now. In doing so, we serve as salt and light in the world. This means viewing the commands of God not as burdens but as the path to true life. It means recognizing that they lead to joy and human flourishing. They are more than just external codes to obey. They are internal changes brought about through Spirit empowered heart transformation.